Effect of Home Based Yoga on Blood Pressure and Quality of Life in Patients with Hypertension
Background and Aim: Hypertension is one of the major growing global problems. Management of hypertension by medicine, diet and exercise is not enough and alternative therapy is need of time. Yoga is one such substitute healthcare practice assumed to improve blood pressure control and quality of life in hypertensive. A prospective intervention was designed to check the effect of home based yoga exercise on blood pressure and quality of life in hypertensives. Methods: A total 74 hypertensive participants were recruited for the present study after following inclusion and exclusion criteria. Participants were divided into two groups, study group (n=39) who have done home based yoga and control group (n=35) who have not done home based yoga. Detailed methodology of home based yoga; their advantage and disadvantage were explained to the study group very well. Study group have done their home based yoga for three months and control group did not have done the home based yoga. Cardiovascular parameters like systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate were recorded after following all standard precautions at the time of initiation of study and at end of every month till completion of study. Participants were also assessed for their quality of life, health and other areas of life by World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire at the time of beginning of the study and at every month till completion of study. Results: Significant decrease in systolic blood pressure from 130.60 ± 4.06 to 124.20 ± 0.60 mm of Hg and diastolic blood pressure from 85.62 ± 5.55 to 79.21 ± 0.73 mm of Hg were seen in study group. In control group, blood pressure reduction was not seen. Self rated score of quality of life was improved in study group as compared to control group. Conclusion: A short term home-based yoga program in hypertensive patients have shown to reduce blood pressure as well as positive effect on self-rated quality of life compared to controls. A simple 12-weeks duration home based yoga exercise program may be useful as supplementary therapy in addition to antihypertensive drugs in hypertensive patients.