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Maternal Consumption of Nut Boosts Foetal Neurodevelopment
Maternal intake of nut at higher levels in early pregnancy is associated with enhanced neuropsychological development in offsprings at 1.5, 5 and 8 years old. A diet deficient in nuts and seeds accounts to leading dietary risk for Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs). Depression and mild cognitive disorders are negatively correlated with dietary pattern with nuts as a primary component. The essential fatty acids or nutritional components like folic acid compose the healthful nut. During human gestation, the brain undergoes a number of puzzling process for which maternal nutrition appears to be the prime factor that contributes to an adequate foetal neurodevelopment with long-term effects. The nut consumption in the Spanish population includes mostly almonds and walnuts (prime source of ALA- Alpha Lipoic Acid). ALA- a widely distributed protein in the brain necessitates crucial number of functions such as neuronal maintenance and neurogenesis. In addition, the learning and memory, brain plasticity and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is elicited on ALA supplementation. Thus, the reality of insufficient beneficial nutrients in pregnant woman will additionally have long-term functional consequences during child development.