Decreased rate pressure product by yoga therapy in the first‑degree relatives of type 2 diabetics is linked to the decrease in body mass index
Although cardiovascular (CV) risks are reported in the first‑degree relatives (FDRs) of type 2 diabetics, the role of yoga therapy on these CV risks is not known. We investigated the effects of 12 weeks structured yoga therapy on rate pressure product (RPP), the marker of CV risk, in these high‑risk subjects. FDRs of type 2 diabetics (n = 49) were trained and allowed to practice 12 weeks of structured yoga program. Body mass index (BMI), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), and RPP were measured, and all these parameters were recorded and compared between pre‑ and post‑yoga therapy periods. Bivariate logistic regression was performed to assess the contribution of BMI to change in RPP in these subjects. There was significant reduction in BMI (P = 0.0002), HR, BP, and RPP (P < 0.001) in these subjects. Bivariate logistic regression demonstrated independent more significant contribution of BMI to RPP in postyoga therapy period as compared to preyoga therapy period. It was concluded that FDRs of type 2 diabetics have high RPP and BP that decrease significantly following 12 weeks practice of yoga.