Prolonged use of mosquito coil, mats, and liquidators: A review of its health implications
Mosquito coils are burnt indoors and outdoors in India to control mosquitoes. Human beings get exposed to a chemically complex mosquito coil smoke containing small particles (<1 μm), metal fumes, and vapors that may reach the alveolar region of the lung. Coils consist of an insecticide/repellant, organic fillers, binders, and additives such as synergists, dyes, and fungicide. Thus, the smoke contains pollutants of health concern. The concentrations of pollutants resulting from burning mosquito coils may exceed health‑based air quality standards and have ill effect on health. Hence, in this review, we have discussed the health implications due to burning of mosquito coil, mats, and heating of mosquito refill liquidators.